The altitude diaries – a photo essay

San Pedro de Atacama

San Pedro de Atacama – 2,500mt up in the high altiplano Atacama desert, was the rough, dusty town that was my jumping off point for my 3 day tour to the Salar de Uyuni.

Volcan Licancabur

The symmetrical Volcan Licancabur, rising to almost 5,500m, dominates the arid landscape around the town. The crater sits entirely in Chile, while the lower slopes belong to Bolivia.

Bolivian Immigration

The desert border between Bolivia and Chile, sitting at 4,100m – is the most stunning border crossing I have ever been to. Immigration was a rather simple process – walk into a shack, pay 150 Bolivianos ($21) and get stamped. Why can’t all immigration formalities be like this? Then it was out of the minibus and into the 4x4s for the start of the trip into the Atacama desert towards Uyuni.

Laguna Blanca

Sitting at 4,350m, Laguna Blanca was the first stop of the high-altitude lakes. The characteristic white colour of the water, that gave the lake its name, is caused by the high amount of minerals.

Laguna Verde

We drive further, and arrive at Laguna Verde. Sitting at the foot of Volcan Licancabur, at 4,300m is this aqua green lake. You may be able to find the odd flamingo, this time we weren’t too lucky.

Hot Springs

Just around the corner from Laguna Verde, we stop to have a quick dip in hot springs; the water temp about 38º.

Laguna Colorada

The deep-russet red of Laguna Colorada, sits at 4,500m. The lake contains borax islands, whose white colour contrasts nicely with the reddish color of its waters, which is caused by red sediments and pigmentation of some algae.

James Flamingo

The lagoon is also a breeding ground for the rare James Flamingo. At this point I was starting to suffer from mild altitude sickness, how these survive in this altitude, with the extreme weather is mind-boggling to me.


Our refugio for the first night sat at 4,800m. Not only was there no electricity or showers, I also suffered altitude sickness the entire time and despite trying coca tea, coca lollies and chewing coca leaves, my thumping headaches persisted and I didn’t get a wink of sleep.

Arbol de piedra

Day 2, we started to come down in altitude (thank god) and after a long drive we stopped off at the famous Arbol de piedra (Stone Tree), at about 4,600m.

Laguna Honda

We stopped off at another impressive lake, Laguna Honda, this time a more bearable 4,200m.

Sunset over the altiplano

And the sun sets on another day in the Bolivian altiplano, at the front our refugio on the edge of the Salar de Uyuni, approx. 3,800m.

Salar de Uyuni

The salar’s reputation lived up to the hype. These salt flats are the world’s biggest, stretching over 10,000 square km, elevation 3,600m. The Salar was formed as a result of transformations between several prehistoric lakes and is covered by a few meters of salt crust.

Salt production

The Salar isn’t just a tourist attraction – they do actually harvest the salt for commercial production. Under the crust is a pool of brine, which is rich in lithium – so this tourist attraction actually contains 50 to 70% of the world’s lithium reserves. The Bolivian government is currently developing a production site for lithium to be in operation by 2012. I only hope they develop it with conservation in mind so that future generations can still enjoy the Salar as I have.

Incahuasi Island

The island sits in the middle of the salar and is full of thousand-year old cacti. A walk to the top offers excellent views of the surrounding salar. It’s also called Isla de pescadores because it looks like a fish when approached from afar.

Train cemetary

Last stop on the tour was the train cemetery just outside of Uyuni, which sat at normal elevation of 3,500m. The cemetery was relatively unimpressive, dirty, full of graffiti and rubbish-strewn. We made it to Uyuni just before the heavens opened up with thunder, lightening and rain.

All photos in this post were taken by the author and subject to copyright.


The people have spoken: how to stage a protest

Last week was a historic landmark for the Egyptian people, where after 18 days of pro-democracy demonstrations, president Hosni Mubarak stepped down and handed powers to the military. It was victory for the Egyptians, who had endured decades of repression and constitutional rule. It was another revolution for the history books.

After being in Argentina, I totally understand the need for demonstrations in order to effect change. The Argentinians love a good protest, and they’re not shy at voicing their opinions. I participated in my first Argie-led protest, in Bolivia. And while it won’t make the history books, it was quite an interesting experience to say the least.

My travel companion and I had just finished a 3 day tour of the Salt flats and arrived in Uyuni, Bolivia late in the afternoon. We had prebooked tickets to catch a bus to Villazon and were somewhat relieved this bus did actually exist (for many others their tickets never showed up, or buses were cancelled, leaving them to spend a night at Uyuni – and its not exactly a town you’d want to spend more than an hour in). It was my first Bolivian bus experience, and despite what others had said, we rocked up to the bus station and didn’t find the bus itself to be all that bad. It looked a little worn, and it certainly wasn’t first class Argentinian style, but was decent enough for an overnight bus ride to the border. We were proved wrong however for we ended up having to swap buses twice during our journey in the middle of the night due to mechanical issues.

But we were still upbeat; we thought our worries were over when we got to Villazon,  for we managed to find another bus that would take us direct to Buenos Aires – with a company called Transamericano. We scoffed at our guidebook that advised us to walk across the border to Argentina and find a bus there, instead we patted ourselves on the back for our far superior trip planning skills. But our celebrations were shortlived. After killing a couple of hours at an internet cafe (where internet speeds are akin to 1993’s dial-up), we boarded our bus and were driven three blocks to the Argentine border. This is where the confusion starts. We hopped off the bus, and the red lady (because she wore a red jumper), told us to walk ‘that way’ – flailing her arms about in some sort of vague direction.  We walked towards the border; it was a ramshackle mess of decrepit buildings, street vendors, wandering tourists and locals carrying several heavy crates on their backs packed with foodstuffs from Argentina.

We walk towards the Argentine border. We walked through the Argentine border, slightly surprised we didn’t get stopped for bag or visa checks. Then we stopped ourselves, hang on a minute. If we don’t have an entry stamp how the hell are we supposed to exit when we both fly out in a few days time?  We saw the line of people waiting to get stamped, about 50 long, and thought, that can’t be us, surely the bus company has it all figured out and they should get us stamped and into Argentina seamlessly. The confusion made us walk back across into Bolivia, not knowing what to do. Eventually after walking around for about an hour wondering what to do, we head towards a crappy looking building that said ‘Bolivian Immigration’ and we spot the red lady, who hastily grabs our arms and drags us to the immigration desk. ‘We’ve been looking everywhere for you two, you need an exit stamp from Bolivia’. Oh yes, hmm, of course we did.So we got our exit stamp and followed the rest of our fellow bus passengers back towards the Argentine border and waited in another line, now about 100 long.

We waited in the midday sun at that border for 5 hours. We made small talk with others, waited impatiently for the little girl selling empanadas to come back so I could have some lunch (she never did come back) and visited the toilet 3 times (ironically it was located just across the border in Argentina). We were sunburned, tired and hungry. We were still in the same clothes from two days ago, we hadn’t showered or washed our faces or brushed our teeth. We were getting grumpy. How dare they make us wait!?!

So you might be wondering now, well this post has nothing to do with protests. But wait, here it comes. After finally getting our entry stamps and were officially allowed back into Argeninta, we waited for our bus to pick us up. But it didn’t come. “Donde esta la autobus?” we would ask the red lady every half hour or so. “45 minutos” she would say, every time. The other passengers started to get agitated. Then a porteno (someone from Buenos Aires) piped up. He explained that he went back to the bus office in Bolivia and demanded the bus to come, they had told him there was a mechanical failure and they didn’t know when it would be ready. He was very upset. He told us his girlfriend was back there trying to get their money back for the extended delay – they weren’t happy with the service, and wasn’t this just ridiculous, no one should be treated this way, it’s preventing us from our freedoms, and we should all go back there and teach them a lesson and demand our money back as well. My travel buddy and I, caught up in our frustration, decided we should at least go back to the office to find out what was going on, we didn’t know when there would be a bus coming, and after all, they had our luggage too. If we could at least get our luggage, we’d go find another bus company to take us to Buenos Aires (although knowing full well all those buses would have left by now and we would have to wait until the next morning).

We walked back into Bolivia to the bus company office. We demanded to know where the bus was. “30 minutos” they said. So we decided to wait there in the office. We threatened that if it didn’t come in half an hour we wanted a refund. I went to get us a couple of beers to hydrate us in our wait. While waiting, we saw a whole group of our fellow passengers coming down the hill towards the bus company, being led by our silvery-haired porteno friend. They marched themselves into the office and demanded the bus come, or their money back. Everyone had been patient up until now, and obviously the porteno had worked the other passengers up to such a rage that they all started joining in a chant outside in the street, banging a sign on the window in rhythm, shouting: “Transamericano! Quiero mi dinero! Transamericano! Quiero mi dinero!”, and of course, we joined in. All the other yelling was done in Spanish so I coudn’t quite catch it all, but our porteno was incredibly charismatic, as every protest leader needs to be. The chanting attracted a lot of attention in the streets; people stopped by to ask what was going on; I tried in my best Spanish to explain, they seemed to understand me and shook their heads in disappointment, a sure sign that they supported our cause. Other backpackers came up and took photos of this monumental display of people power (I didn’t unfortunately). It was embarrassing yet exhilirating at the same time. It almost made me want to make little picket signs of our cause and hand out flyers to passers by warning them of the malpractices of said bus company. The bus company guys just sat in the office watching us, doing absolutely nothing. Even a police officer stopped by to ask what was happening, but he was useless.

The bus eventually did come, about an hour later. Our porteno friend, wanting to stand by his principles, refused to get on the bus and was indeed given his money back. He urged all of us to boycott and do the same. But we could not – we had a tight schedule to follow and spending a night in Villazon was going to eat into that. Other Bolivians we spoke to mentioned that they had spent all their money on their bus tickets and had no money to even get food and a place to stay that night. So despite everyone’s passionate hatred for the bus company during the protest, we all had no choice but submit and get on the bus. Talk about anti climax.  So while ‘people power’ didn’t quite exactly work out for us, we did make it to Buenos Aires eventually. But I will always remember that day in Villazon when I participated in my very first South American protest.


Photos in this post were taken by the author and subject to copyright.